The Guide To Understanding Floor Plans
The first time anyone opens a set of building plans can become a very challenging exercise. That is why we have put together this guide to help you learn how to read floor plans.
What’s In The Building Plans?
The floor plans are usually drawn one sheet for every floor. If, however, the building is a small one, they can be drawn together. The floor plans are perhaps the most essential drawings that need to be in your set of building plans.
They are usually drawn to 1:100 scale and show most of the critical dimensions and specifications needed to construct the house. They show how the different spaces in the building relate to one another and are therefore like a road map of your home.
Electrical elements like lights, plugs, and switches are often included in the floor plan. Even so, they will usually be on a separate sheet. In the same manner, all structural details like floor joists and the likes may also be added to the floor plan if there's enough space. Otherwise, they too will be drawn on another sheet. Here, an aerial view of plumbing, cabinets, and appliances will be shown.
Exterior elevations are usually drawn at a 1:100 scale. They are drawings of the exterior of the building. The shape of doors, windows and exterior trim of the structure are usually illustrated here. Also, the roof pitches, the height of the wall and ridge heights are typically dimensioned here.
This is a detailed illustration of the foundation of the building. It will include everything from the structural beams to the footings necessary to support the structure above. This plan will also portray the stairs, bearing walls and any basement windows, that is if a basement is bought. Every plan page will show which foundation is available for that exact plan.
Building Sections and Details
This drawing is what shows how the different areas of the house are related or connected. Often you will find a large scale cross section which illustrates the construction of the building here.
At other times, it will be located on the foundation plan if there was enough space to contain it. Other vital details required for the construction of the home will also be included in the building section and details plan.
Typically it is like an elevated view of the home from above showing only the roof but not the inside walls. It will portray the hips, ridges, and valleys of the structure. Sometimes it may even show each rafter or truss.
Typically, a separate sheet with standard notes and details will be provided. Some of the other things that come with your house plans are electrical layout and cabinet elevations. Electrical designs are merely suggesting the ideal locations for outlets, fixtures, and the likes.
Don't forget that this is basically for the sake of reference, especially when it comes to obtaining quantities and bidding. You can also decide to get in touch with your builder or their electricians just before the work begins.
This way, you can go over the house plans together. At this time, you can easily make some final decisions about where the fixtures and switches should be. Once the rough-in construction process begins, you need to provide the outlets and cables required to get your internet going. If you plan carefully enough, your home will be unique and convenient for you to live.
Like the electrical plan, the cabinet elevations provided in your plan is simply a guide. One can easily customize or build cabinets. You need to work hand in hand with the cabinet maker so that you can get the exact ones that you want. Relying totally on the cabinet elevations provided in the plan is not the best thing to do.
Including a Site Plan
Once you have secured your building site and have gotten your house plans, the next step is to find a builder. You'll also need to start gathering all other additional elements required to secure your building permit.
When it comes to a site plan– a drawing that illustrates your building site and locates your home plan, utilities, building setback, etc.–your builder may be able to help.
Learning How To Read Building Plans Is an Essential Skill
A long time ago, house plans were usually designed as a set of blueprints. They would come in pages that had white lines as well as letterings running through a dark blue background. This was so because of the way things were printed at that particular period.
However, as technology advanced and knowledge increased things got better. Many home plans then came printed on papers that had been made with anhydrous ammonia or treated with chemicals. As such, many floor plans usually had the strong odor of these chemicals.
Construction Plans Come in Drawing Sets
Nowadays, we still use blueprints to refer to house plans. However, they are now customarily printed out on big format digital printers, either on bond paper or on erasable vellums, just in case you need to make changes. A wide range of home plan packages is obtainable. Some provide five or eight sets.
Though an eight set house plan will usually be needed, a five-set floor plan drawing too can do. First, you will need to produce at least two sets of the house plans to your city or county, and one will be kept for the job site while the other is for their files.
Building Plans Are Drawn in 2D using CAD
The bank will want a set of house design plans if you have a mortgage. Also, you have to have several sets reserved for the builder so he can use them to build the home. Besides, you also need a set of house floor plans just for your reference. Now, it's not so hard to see that you really will need eight sets of your house plan or even more, right?
Floor Plans are Stored as PDF Digital Format
With how developed the world we live in is, no one wants to forfeit the convenience that digital formats offer. Because several house design plans are now available in PDF and CAD, they can be delivered easily and quickly via email. This is one of the many vital importance that comes with choosing PDF house floor plans packages. One can easily avoid the stress of having to drive all over town trying to distribute the house floor plans to builders and sub-trades.
It also saves the cost of printing extra sets. Though the CAD format may be a little more expensive, they are essential for having significant changes to your home plans made locally. The cost is worth it because finding designers who still draw by hand is getting more difficult nowadays.
Floor Plans Are Then Submitted To cons To Obtain a Permit
The building plan designs of different houses come in different standard sizes. When the house is large and expansive, the larger dimensions are often used. We offer house floor plans that are normally referred to as builder plans. What this means is that the plans are created in such a way that any competent builder can easily follow it and construct the same design.
Also, these house design plans will easily help you secure a permit from any agency. Though the house plans will not give many specifications about interior finishes, there's usually so much emphasis and concentration on the architecture of the building as well as the structure of the house itself.