Central heating is the central production of warmth for a home or building. Heated water is pumped to radiators all over the home. If you live in a colder climate, with cold winters when the temperature falls under 2 degrees, you will need heating in your home – and what better choice is there than this central solution?
Central heating is the most popular heating system in colder countries today. The entire house is heated from one central point-boiler that uses oil, gas or wood to send heated water toward radiators. Hot water heats radiators and warmth disperses through rooms.
Choosing a heating system – questions to ask before your final choice
Before you choose a certain heating model, it is a good idea to consult a heating expert about the following questions:
- How much can you invest in heating your home?
- What type of fuel should be used?
- Which boiler model do you need?
- Do you have central water heating?
- Do you plan (now or later) to use regenerative energy such as solar or wood as an additional heating option?
- What type of heating is supported by your chimney?
- Do you want to later move onto other heating fuel (bio diesel or oilseed rape)?
- Do you plan to enlarge your living area in the future?
Modern central heating systems
Modern central heating uses energy more and more efficiently but at the same time poses higher demands for the chimney. Chimneys and boilers act together as one system. Previously chimneys and furnaces weren't adjusted, so even though chimney diameter used to be large, high temperatures of exhaust fumes as well as quick removal of gases caused damage and breakdowns due to congestion in the chimney. Modern heating boilers on low temperatures have an energy usage of 90-95%. Exhaust fumes from these modern devices have low heat residues, which are in the bottom chimney section already lower than the critical temperature of exhaust gases. If the chimney is sensitive to humidity, you will notice dark stains and an unpleasant smell.
Whether you choose a low temperature boiler or oil, gas, wood or pellet boiler, the chimney needs to be checked in order for it to be adjusted to the boiler.
The quality of heating water often doesn't follow the technical demands and demands of anti-corrosion. If the water in your home isn't of appropriate quality, this can be fixed with filter installation. Heating filters are installed to remove residues that collect during installation and the remains of corrosion from water flow through the heating system. It is good to post these filters in one direction to prevent filter soiling in a circular water flow.
Effective usage of heat
In order to use energy efficiently and economically, it is important to follow certain tips.
- Refresh the room economically – don't keep the window slightly open throughout the entire day. It is much better to open the window wide for the fresh air to enter and then close it.
- Don't block the heat – naked radiators aren't always the prettiest sight, but in normal conditions they are the best guarantee that heat will spread without obstructions all over the room. Long curtains, poorly positioned furniture and hangers can take up to 20% of the heat.
- Don't let the heat get away – put down shutters and blinds overnight to prevent loss of heat through the windows.